Zhejiang is located in the southern part of the Yangtze River Delta on the southeast coast of China. It borders Shanghai, the country’s largest city, on the northeast. An expressway of 130 kilometers links up the provincial capital city of Hangzhou with Shanghai.
The province covers a total continental area of 101,800 square kilometers, and its coastal sea covers an area of 260,000 square kilometers. The continental coastline and the island shoreline totaling 6,500 kilometers and being the longest among all the provinces in the country occupy 20.3 percent of China’s entire coastline. In addition, the province has the largest number of island and islets in the country, among which 3,061 islands and islets have an area of more than 500 square kilometers each.
Lying in a subtropical zone of monsoon climate, the province is blessed with abundant sunshine, ample rainfall in four distinct seasons. The annual temperature averages 15℃-18℃.
Zhejiang ranks the fourth in China in water resources in per unit area. The province has varied vegetations, winning the reputation as a treasure house of plants in southeast China. More than fifty species of wild plants such as ginkgo, commonly referred to as a living fossil, are listed in the Directory of Rare Plants under State Protection. Besides, in Zhejiang there are 1,900 species of wild animals, among which over 120 are under state protection, making up one-third of those in the Directory of Wild Animals under State Protection.
The province is also abundant in fishery resource. The Zhoushan Archipelago is largest area for sea fishery in China.
Population and Administrative Divisions
The province has a population of 49.80 million, among which 400,000 belong to 53 ethnic minority groups, including the 200,000 she people and 20,000 Hui people. Jingning she AutonomousCounty in LishuiCity is the only She Autonomous county in China.
In administrative division, there are 11 cities under the direct jurisdiction of the province, which are further divided into 36 counties, 22 county-level cities and 32 urban districts. The 11 cities are Hangzhou, Ningbo, Wenzhou. Jiaxing, Huzhou, Shaoxing, Taizhou, Jinhua, Quzhou, Lishui and Zhoushan.